According to a new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health in Houston, Texas, have found that cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a decreased risk of metabolic syndrome among smokers.
For the study, researchers analyzed data from 1,249 adult smokers who participated in the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study between 1979 and 2011.
Results showed that smokers with the highest level of cardiopulmonary fitness had a 48% decreased risk of metabolic syndrome compared with those with lowest level of fitness. Those who did moderate fitness had a 27% lower risk versus those who had low fitness levels.
“Study findings indicate that there is an inverse relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiometabolic risk among adult smokers” said Darla Kendzor, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences at UTHealth School of Public Health Dallas Regional Campus.
Although the findings show that fitness is beneficial among smokers, the authors stress the importance of smoking cessation to decrease overall morbidity and mortality.